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2013 Trends of the Week


December 15 , 2013 - January 4, 2014

Global Giving by U.S. Corporations

Companies increasingly expand their philanthropic initiatives globally, opening many questions for practitioners and researchers. How do companies donate across borders? What factors influence their philanthropic decision-making? What attributes do companies look for in a nonprofit partner? In which areas do companies seek improvement in the future? Commissioned by Global Impact, this study provides insights into these questions by analyzing the data obtained from secondary databases, a web-based survey of a select group of Fortune 500 firms, and interviews with four large U.S. companies. This study provides key insights and implications both for companies expanding their philanthropic footprint internationally and for nonprofits partnering with corporate funders to address social issues around the globe. For the executive summary including key findings, go to: www.philanthropy.iupui.edu

December 8 - 14, 2013

Government Contracting and Payment Practices: Lingering Problems for Nonprofits

Governments at all levels traditionally enter into agreements with nonprofit organizations to provide services to constituents. In 2011, one-third of revenue for 501(c)(3) public charities came from the government through formal contracts and grants (Pettijohn 2013a). Through a national survey of public charity nonprofits,The Urban Institute has assessed the size and scope of government financing, administration of contracts and grants, and nonprofit perceptions of problems and improvements in these processes. The Urban Institute also reports on the financial status of nonprofits at the end of the Great Recession. Key findings include:

bullet Nearly half of organizations surveyed reported that they experienced limitations on the percentage of government funds that could be used for program and organization administration costs.
bullet Approximately one-quarter of organizations with a contract indicated that they had to share in the cost of the contract and one-half of grantees said they had a matching requirement associated with a grant.
bullet During the examined period, government agencies at all levels were cutting funding as a result of the weak economy. Nearly 40 percent of organizations reported a decline in local and stategovernment funding, while almost 50 percent experienced a decrease in federal government funds.
bullet With decreasing revenues, nonprofits had to make tough decisions to balance their budgets. More than 40 percent of respondents turned to their reserves to make ends meet and about 25 percent of nonprofits reduced the number of employees on their payroll. About 14 percent of organizations reduced the number of clients served and almost 11 percent cut programs.

To download a copy of the report, go to: www.urban.org

December 1 - 7, 2013

Religion and American Charitable Giving Trends

The Connected to Give report series offers important new insights on religion and American charitable giving, challenging assumptions about where religious donors make charitable contributions and offering comprehensive information about behaviors and motivations among religious and non-religious Americans. Connected to Give is a collaborative project of a consortium of independent foundations, family foundations, community foundations, and Jewish federations working in partnership with Jumpstart to map the landscape of charitable giving by American Jews. The first report, Connected to Give: Key Findings from the National Study of American Jewish Giving is written by Jim Gerstein, Steven M. Cohen, & J. Shawn Landres. Key findings include:


Americans with religious or spiritual orientations give at higher rates primarily because they give more to organizations with religious ties.


Americans affiliated with different religious traditions give at similar rates to one another.


When it comes to religious identity and giving, demographic categories like income and age resist generalization.

bullet Among Americans who give, more than half say their commitment to religion is an important or very important motivation for charitable giving; clear majorities give because they believe that they can achieve change or make an impact and that those who have more should help those with less.
For more information and to download the reports, go to: connectedtogive.org

November 24 - 30, 2013

Foundation Support for Media

Foundation support for media is growing at nearly four times the rate of domestic giving in other areas, with $1.86 billion invested between 2009-2011, according to a the report, Growth in Foundation Support for Media in the United States, a collaboration among the Foundation Center, Media Impact Funders, and the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. The report provides the most comprehensive view to date of philanthropy’s role in the media funding landscape. The report reveals that 1,012 foundations made 12,040 media-related grants totaling $1.86 billion from 2009-2011. Funding is examined across five areas — journalism, news, and information; media access and policy; media applications and tools; media platforms; and telecommunications infrastructure — uncovering insightful trends:


Foundations are increasingly focused on media funding: Media-related grantmaking grew at a higher rate than overall domestic grantmaking from 2009-2011 (21% increase vs. 5.8%, respectively).


Funders are reacting to the changing landscape of media in the digital age: New media investments (web-based and mobile) vastly outpaced that of traditional media (print, television, and radio), by a factor of four (116.5% vs. 29.4%).


Media-related funding is diverse: Four of the five major areas of media-related grantmaking experienced growth from 2009 to 2011. Media applications and tools led the way in growth (107.8%, while funding for telecommunications infrastructure experienced the only decrease (48.4%).


While funding for public broadcasting increased over time, it fell behind the increase in funding for media-related activities overall (17.6% vs. 21%, respectively).

The rise in media funding by foundations comes against the backdrop of drastic declines in revenue at traditional news outlets, declines that have raised questions about how communities will acquire the information that fuels civic life. To download the report, go to: foundationcenter.org

November 17 - 23, 2013

Chief Financial Officer Study

This survey of 906 nonprofit finance professionals reveals some surprises about these crucial-but-often-overlooked staff, looking at questions ranging from educational backgrounds, workload, board and CEO understanding of finance, and CEO compensation. This study was conducted by CalNonprofits' CEO Jan Masaoka and Spectrum Nonprofit's Steve Zimmerman under the auspices of American Nonprofits with data analysis assistance from Kristen Wolslegel. More than 900 individuals responded to survey notifications through Blue Avocado and American Nonprofits. The study reports findings in four areas:


CFO Profiles: educational and job backgrounds


Staffing the finance function: how nonprofits of various sizes and business models staff finance activities


Concerns: stressors and areas presenting challenges


Miscellaneous: some questions were added to the survey touching on financial health, CEO compensation, and other miscellaneous areas.

For the report and key findings, go to: blueavocado.org

November 10 - 16, 2013

Latest US Foundation Trends

Even through a period of unpredictability in the national and global economic and political environment, domestic foundation giving has continued to grow at a moderate pace. According to Key Facts on U.S. Foundations, the Foundation Center's new annual research study, in 2011 the country's 81,777 foundations held $622 billion in assets and distributed $49 billion, an amount estimated to have reached $50.9 billion in 2012. The outlook for 2013 is for continued modest growth overall. Key Facts on U.S. Foundations is the primary publication in which the Foundation Center documents the overall size of the U.S. foundation community and provides perspective on the giving priorities of the nation's largest foundations. key findings in the report include:


Health and education are the top priorities of the country’s largest foundations, accounting for almost half of all grant dollars.


More than one third (35%) of all grant dollars awarded by the nation's largest foundations were specifically intended to benefit the economically disadvantaged.


In 2011, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation made the single largest grant: $967 million over five years to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization.

For more information, go to: foundationcenter.org

October 27 - November 9, 2013

Board Governance Trends

According to results from the eighth edition of Grant Thornton's National Board Governance Survey for Not-for-Profit Organizations, approximately half of respondents are confident with their programs and brand. The 2012 edition of the survey is based on responses received via an online questionnaire from 706 board members and senior management of higher education institutions; trade and professional associations; social and human service organizations; religious organizations; cultural organizations; health care organizations; and foundations. Not-for-profit organizations are emerging from the recent economic downturn stronger than ever. Over the past four years, significant numbers of not-for-profit organizations have implemented new strategic plans, restructured their organizations and made their programs more efficient as they weathered the difficult economy. According to the results from this survey, approximately half of respondents are confident with their programs and brand. Fewer still are convinced they have achieved the right expense structure or that revenue is being maximized. Confidence in staffing, structure and communication is even lower. There are a number of possible explanations for lagging confidence, including continued fallout from the nation’s financial meltdown, and recent staff reductions and structural changes that may need more time to settle in. In some organizations, further work is necessary to distinguish themselves in the new competitive landscape. To download a copy of the survey report, go to: www.grantthornton.com

October 20 - 26, 2013

Donor Retention a Growing Problem for Small Organizations

From The Urban Institute, an examination of anonymous records of donations by 1.8 million people shows that many organizations that rely on public donations to achieve their missions experience very high turnover rates in their donor rolls. According to the survey of 2342 nonprofits, only 43% of donors who gave to an organization in 2009 gave to the same organization in 2010. This doesn't mean that donors stopped giving but that many of them gave to other organizations. This pattern leads to high costs of fundraising for some organizations. Other groups, though, see much higher rates of retention year after year, suggesting that it is possible for more organizations to trim costly acquisition campaigns and the loss of potential long-term supporters. Donor Retention Matters reports on some key findings from the Fundraising Effectiveness Project. Continuing research will explore in more detail the underlying trends and patterns that affect this measure of nonprofits' connections with the communities they serve. For more information, and to download the report, go to: www.urban.org

October 13 - 19, 2013

Generational Giving Habits

A new report from Blackbaud, The Next Generation of American Giving, reveals multichannel preferences and charitable habits of Generation X, Generation Y, Baby Boomers, and Matures. This research will help you learn how differences among the generations affect their charitable behavior, and how understanding those differences is crucial to your fundraising strategy. For example:


Boomers contribute 43% of all giving. Are you neglecting this lucrative generation in your efforts to woo hot-topic Millennials?


It’s time to lay to rest the generalization that digital is for young people only. All generations value a mix of online and offline communications and giving channels.


When it comes to volunteering, Gen Y talks the talk while Matures walk the walk. How do you get your younger supporters out from behind social media to actually take action?


Crowdfunding and peer-to-peer fundraising are gaining traction, largely with Generations X and Y. But organizations better be prepared to demonstrate the impact of gifts from these younger generations.

To download this report, go to: www.blackbaud.com

September 29 - October 12, 2013

Who’s Not Online and Why

According to a study by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project, as of May 2013, 15% of American adults ages 18 and older do not use the internet or email. Asked why they do not use the internet:


34% of non-internet users think the internet is just not relevant to them, saying they are not interested, do not want to use it, or have no need for it.


32% of non-internet users cite reasons tied to their sense that the internet is not very easy to use. These non-users say it is difficult or frustrating to go online, they are physically unable, or they are worried about other issues such as spam, spyware, and hackers. This figure is considerably higher than in earlier surveys.


19% of non-internet users cite the expense of owning a computer or paying for an internet connection.


7% of non-users cited a physical lack of availability or access to the internet.

Even among the 85% of adults who do go online, experiences connecting to the internet may vary widely. For instance, even though 76% of adults use the internet at home, 9% of adults use the internet but lack home access. These internet users cite many reasons for not having internet connections at home, most often relating to issues of affordability—some 44% mention financial issues such as not having a computer, or having a cheaper option outside the home. To download the full report, go to: www.pewinternet.org

September 22 - 28, 2013

Poverty in the United States

According to a new report issued by The Urban Institute, the U.S. poverty rate remained at historic highs for the third year running in 2012 -- unchanged from 2011 at 15 percent, with 46.5 million people poor. The poverty rate was roughly as high as it has been in any year since 1965 (the last year poverty was significantly above 15 percent), but it has been lower than one would expect from looking at the record high rates of long-term unemployment following the 2007 Great Recession. Government policies have kept enough Americans out of poverty to forestall the dire poverty rates of the mid-1960s during the recession, but as the policies are rolled back during the recovery, poverty remains abnormally high. Annual official poverty estimates based on the Current Population Survey (CPS) have remained essentially unchanged from 2010 through 2012, as unemployment rates have fallen. Program Participation (SIPP) show monthly poverty rates increasing by a tenth of a percentage point per month in 2009, falling slightly during 2010, then jumping back up to their previous plateau in 2011. For more information, go to: www.urban.org

September 15 - 21, 2013

Relief Donors Stay Loyal, Tiring Of Disasters

According to a study by ORC International commissioned by The NonProfit Times, a majority of donors given a choice between giving to a non-disaster charity or to disaster relief response would not give to disaster relief. More people reached via cell phone would give to the non-disaster charity. By a count of 47 percent to 44 percent, with 9 percent unsure, donors would give to a non-disaster charity if they could make only one gift. Of all respondents, 33 percent would give to a non-disaster charity to which they have always given and 14 percent to a non-disaster charity to which they have never given.  In the study, a nationally-projectable sample of 1,005 Americans was asked the following question: If you had $25 and could make just one charitable donation with it, which of the following types of charities would you donate to? The choices were a non-disaster relief charity or a disaster relief charity. Within those distinctions, respondents were asked if it was an organization they have always supported or if it was an organization they had not always supported. For more information, go to: www.thenonprofittimes.com

September 8 - 14, 2013

Volunteering Trends in the US

The 2012 Volunteering and Civic Life in America website provides inclusive information allowing civic leaders, nonprofit organizations, and interested individuals to retrieve a wide range of information regarding demographic trends and rankings for volunteering and civic engagement activities in their regions, states, and metro areas. Data available through the website was collected through two supplements to the Current Population Survey to which thousands of Americans respond: the volunteer supplement and the civic supplement. Key findings from the new data released in 2011 include:


Americans are increasing their commitment to volunteering and civic engagement and volunteers have stepped up to support recovery and relief efforts after Hurricane Sandy.


In 2011, the number of volunteers reached its highest level in five years. 64.3 million Americans volunteered in a formal organization, an increase of 1.5 million from 2010. The volunteering rate increased nationwide by 0.5 percentage points to 26.8%. Altogether, Americans volunteered approximately 7.9 billion hours in a formal organization with a value of $171 billion.


Volunteers met crucial needs in the community through their participation in the 5 most popular service activities: Fundraising or selling items to raise money (26.2%); Collecting, preparing, distributing, or serving food (23.6%); Engaging in general labor or transportation (20.3%); Tutoring or teaching (18.2%)


Fundraising, food services, general labor and neighbors helping neighbors are some of the most important services citizens can provide in the face of disasters.


Almost half of Americans (44.1%) actively participated in civic, religious, and school groups. And more families eat dinner together in 2011— with almost 90 percent (89.5%) reporting that they did so at least several times per week, a 1.4 percentage point increase from 2010.


Two out of three citizens (65.1%, or 143.7 million citizens) served their communities by doing favors for and helping out their neighbors, an increase of 9.5 percentage points from last year, while more than half (56.7%) trusted all or most of the people in their neighborhood.

For more information, go to: www.volunteeringinamerica.gov

September 1 - 7, 2013

Community Service Requirements May Reduce Volunteering Later

New research suggests that making community service a requirement for high school graduation may reduce volunteering among older students. According to a study, which was published in the Economics of Education Review, Maryland's state-wide requirement that students complete seventy-five hours of service learning before graduation led to significant increases in volunteering among eighth-grade students — generally in school-organized activities — but reduced volunteering rates among older students, raising the possibility of lower volunteering rates over the long term. Based on data from a nationally representative survey of eighth-, tenth-, and twelfth-graders, the report found that before the requirement was implemented in 1993, the percentage of high school seniors in Maryland engaged in service activities was 7.8 percentage points higher than the national average. By contrast, between 1997 and 2011, after the service requirement went into effect, the percentage was 9.2 points to 17.4 points lower than the national average, which rose over the same period. R. Scott Pfeifer, executive director of the Maryland Association of Secondary School Principals, cautioned that the study's findings may under represent less obvious volunteer activities among older students. For more information, go to: foundationcenter.org

August 25 - 31, 2013

Ways Nonprofits Are Adapting to Economic Conditions

This survey from the Nonprofit Finance Fund reveals that 2012 was a year in which organizations either made or planned to make significant changes in order to cope with mounting economic stress.

Nonprofits need new funding sources and models:


42% of survey respondents report that they do not have the right mix of financial resources to thrive and be effective in the next 3 years.


1 in 4 nonprofits has 30 days or less cash-on-hand.


Over the next twelve months, 39% plan to change the main ways they raise and spend money.


23% will seek funding other than grants or contracts, such as loans or investments.

Nonprofits that receive government funding face particular challenges:


Only 14% of nonprofits receiving state and local funding are paid for the full cost of services; just 17% of federal fund recipients receive full reimbursement. Partial reimbursements require additional funding to cover the growing gap as nonprofits serve more people.


Government is late to pay: Among those with state or local funding, just over 60% reported overdue government payments; over 50% reported late payments from the federal government.

Under these challenging conditions, many nonprofits are unable to meet growing need in their communities:


For the first time in the five years of the survey, more than half (52%) of respondents were unable to meet demand over the last year; 54% say they won’t be able to meet demand this year.


This represents a worrying trend; in 2009, 44% of nonprofits said they were unable to meet demand.


Jobs (59%) and housing (51%) continue to be top concerns for those in low-income communities.


90% of respondents say financial conditions are as hard or harder than last year for their clients; this is actually a slight improvement from prior years’ outlook.

Nonprofits are changing the way they do business to adapt to the new reality. In the past 12 months:


49% have added or expanded programs or services; 17 percent reduced or eliminated programs or services.


39% have collaborated with another organization to improve or increase services.


39% have upgraded technology to improve organizational efficiency.


36% engaged more closely with their board.

For more information, go to: nonprofitfinancefund.org

August 18 - 24, 2013

Nonprofit Compensation & Benefits Trends

Philanthropy & Nonprofit Leadership Center – Rollins College announced the findings of the 2013 Nonprofit Compensation and Benefits Report. The study, published every two years, examined the compensation, benefits and employment of over 160 eligible nonprofit organizations in Central Florida. This year’s report shows that the budgets of nonprofit organizations have increased along with salaries: over 70% of nonprofits surveyed reported pay increases. The report also found that women are underpaid in executive ranks when compared to their male counter-parts. Since the last survey, the Central Florida nonprofit sector has raised budgets and salaries, a sign of the industry moving out of the recession. The median annual operating budget in the 2011 survey was $1,354,607, which increased to $1,480,400 in 2013.


Compensation: Over 70 percent of participating organizations reported salary increases in budgets in their current fiscal year. This appears to reflect improving economic conditions, and is an increase over the 2011 results, in which only 56 percent reported salary increase budgets. The survey shows that Development Director salaries are rising faster than other positions in senior management, with a 3.1% increase. The notable increase helps to demonstrate that the skill set is in demand both locally and in the country.


Retirement: The nonprofit sector is also evidently not ready for the turnover when leaders retire. Only sixty-nine organizations (43 percent of the sample) have a completed and updated non-emergency transition plan in place for their CEO/Executive Director position. In 13 of these organizations (8 percent of the sample), the CEO/Executive Director was expected to retire or resign within the next three years. Another 20 organizations (12 percent of the sample) expected a transition in the CEO/Executive Director position within the next three years, but do not have an emergency succession plan.

For more information, go to: rollinspnlc.wordpress.com

August 11 - 17, 2013

Nonprofits Increase Voting Among Their Clients And Constituents

In 2012 Nonprofit VOTE enlisted 94 nonprofits to determine if nonprofit organizations can increase voting among their clients, constituents, and staff. Nonprofit VOTE tracked voter contacts of the 94 organizations with 33,741 individuals in seven states. After an independent analysis of the data conducted by CIRCLE, the youth civic engagement institute at Tufts University, it was determined that these nonprofit organizations did in fact increase voting among their clients, constituents and staff. The study’s findings are announced in a new report -- Can Nonprofits Increase Voting Among Their Clients, Constituents, and Staff? An Evaluation of the Track the Vote Program. Not only does the report provide details about the populations nonprofits reached about voting, but it also illustrates their ability to raise turnout rates among those least expected to vote and to close gaps in voter participation across all demographics. Key findings include:


The clients and constituents engaged by nonprofits were markedly more diverse, lower income, and younger than all registered voters in the seven states, made up of populations with a history of lower voter turnout in past elections.


Voter turnout among those contacted by nonprofits was 74%, six points above the 68% turnout rate for all registered voters--with the largest turnout differences seen among "low propensity voters" who campaigns typically miss.


Nonprofits were particularly effective at increasing voter turnout among traditionally underrepresented groups and closing participation gaps. Voter turnout of nonprofit voters compared to all registered voters was 18 points higher for Latino voters, 15 points higher for voters under the age of 30, and 15 points higher for voters with household incomes under $25,000.


Although nonprofits made the biggest difference among traditionally underrepresented groups, nonprofit voters outperformed their counterparts across all demographic groups studied.

Founded in 2005, Nonprofit VOTE partners with America’s nonprofits to help the people they serve participate and vote. Nonprofit VOTE is the leading source of nonpartisan resources to help nonprofits integrate voter engagement into their ongoing activities and services.

To download a copy of the executive summary and the full report, go to: www.nonprofitvote.org

July 28 - August 10, 2013

Human Rights Funding Trends

Every year foundations around the world are funding efforts to ensure that the rights of all people are honored and protected. Advancing Human Rights: The State of Global Foundation Grantmaking, prepared by the Foundation Center and the International Human Rights Funders Group, identifies foundations in 29 countries funding human rights work in every region of the world. Their support totaled $1.2 billion in 2010, reached more than 6,800 unique organizations, and funded activities such as ensuring the right to peaceful assembly and to education. The first research report of its kind, Advancing Human Rights provides crucial baseline numbers against which to track future trends — including the impact of new grantmakers entering the field. This multi-year partnership between the Foundation Center and IHRFG is enriched by collaboration with Ariadne (European Human Rights Funders Network) and the International Network of Women’s Funds. Such efforts align with the Foundation Center’s stated priorities to empower donors with the knowledge tools they need to be strategic and to communicate philanthropy’s contribution to making a better world. Advancing Human Rights: The State of Global Foundation Grantmaking can be downloaded for free at foundationcenter.org

July 21 - 27, 2013

2013 Millennial Impact Report

Since 2009, the Millennial Impact Report, published by the marketing firm Achieve, has uncovered comprehensive data that reveals this rising generation is eager to connect, get involved, and give to causes they’re passionate about. And over that time, Achieve has zeroed in on the Millennial behaviors of greatest interest to nonprofits—first their trends in giving, then in service, and now in communication. This year, Achieve gathered information from an online survey distributed to Millennials through 14 research partners.


The top takeaway: Millennials first support causes they are passionate about (rather than institutions), so it’s up to organizations to inspire them and show them that their supportcan make a tangible difference on the wider issue. Millennials view volunteer opportunities as a way to socially connect with like-minded peers, which moves them beyond technology (social networking) to in-person action. It’s especially helpful when organizations craft marketing messages that highlight the peer involvement -- for example, “Join 20 other people like you at Clean-Up Day this Saturday.”


Further, volunteer programs that facilitate networking for Millennials maximize this generation’s inherent social connectedness. Designing programming with this benefit in mind will ultimately help retain young professionals and give them opportunities to broaden their skillsets among groups of people invested in the same issue.


The report also shows that offering online training in place of in-person training is attractive to Millennials, with the added benefit of allowing participants to train and serve anywhere. This generation also wants to know upfront what their time will achieve, so sharing positive, direct results signals to Millennials that you value and respect their time.

To download the report and related resources, go to: www.themillennialimpact.com

July 14 - 20, 2013

The Arts and Achievement in At-Risk Youth

This report from the National Endowment for the Arts examines arts-related variables from four large datasets -- three maintained by the U.S. Department of Education and one by the Department of Labor -- to understand the relationship between arts engagement and positive academic and social outcomes in children and young adults of low socioeconomic status (SES). Conducted by James Catterall, University of California Los Angeles, et al., the analyses show that achievement gaps between high- and low-SES groups appear to be mitigated for children and young adults who have arts-rich backgrounds. To download the report, go to: www.arts.endow.gov

July 7 - 13, 2013

Impact of Sequester on Meals On Wheels Program

New information detailing the devastating impact of the federally mandated budget cuts known as sequester has been released by the Meals On Wheels Association of America. Based on a survey of Meals on Wheels programs across the country, these findings reveal nearly 70% of Meals on Wheels survey respondents have reduced the number of meals served to the nation's hungry and homebound seniors. Among the findings survey respondents revealed:


Programs have been forced to cut, on average, 364 meals per week;


Over 70% are establishing or adding to existing waiting lists;


Programs have increased their waiting lists on average by 58 seniors;


40% of programs responding have eliminated staff positions; and


One in six are closing congregate meals sites or home-delivered meal programs

The survey was conducted in May 2013 among Meals On Wheels Association Members who currently receive federal funding through the Older Americans Act. To access the study, go to: www.mowaa.org

June 30 - July 6, 2013

Volunteering as a Pathway to Employment

The Corporation for National & Community Service has recently released a report, Volunteering as a Pathway to Employment, which shows just how valued volunteering can be in the workforce. The study discovered that volunteering is linked with a 27 percent increase in odds of employment, and provides “social capital and human capital,” which are directly related with better job prospects. Some of the benefits volunteering can provide are professional contacts, expanding networks, leadership opportunities, social relationships, knowledge, and work experience. Volunteering has the strongest impact on rural communities and individuals who lack a high school diploma. One interesting finding was that economic conditions and time don’t seem to impact the relationship between volunteering and employment. CNCS also provided an infographic for their collected data. For more information and to download the report, go to: www.nationalservice.gov

June 16 - 29, 2013

Over Emphasis on Overhead Costs Shown to Impede Potential of Global NGOs

Over the past quarter century, nongovernmental organizations have become increasingly essential players in solving global problems. However a fixation on restraining overhead is a funding trend that is affecting NGOs’ ability to solve global problems according to a new Bridgespan study. Generous private funders have fueled the spectacular growth of global NGOs in recent years. But the money comes with strings that thwart these organizations’ ability to create the platforms for scale needed to solve global problems. This fixation on restraining overhead stems from recent funding trends:


Since the mid-1990s, governments, foundations, and high-net-worth individuals have dramatically increased global NGOs’ financial support but restricted this funding primarily to specific programs and projects, shrinking unrestricted funding that supports the organization as a whole.


Because they typically view overhead as money poorly spent, funders generally set—or expect—strict limits on how much can be allocated for this purpose.


Program- and project-based funding has spawned a patchwork of short-term engagements across countries and continents as NGOs chase donor dollars. This fragmentation further serves to divert attention from investing in essential administrative functions that would improve overall performance.

To download the study, go to: www.bridgespan.org

June 9 - 15, 2013

The State of Giving to Underserved Communities

According to a report by the National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy (NCRP), in 2011, 1,121 of the largest American grantmakers reported more than $10 billion in giving to benefit underserved communities, including the economically disadvantaged, ethnic and racial minorities and women and girls. Such giving comprised 42 percent of foundation grantmaking in 2011, up slightly from 40 percent from 2008-2010. Without the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, however, the reported share of total giving for marginalized communities remains at 31 percent. This year’s larger sample includes more funders who do not report such giving. Among those that report giving to marginalized communities, though the median commitment increased. Excluding the country’s largest funder from the analysis reveals that grant dollars from independent foundations Northeastern foundations and smaller funders are more likely to be classified as benefitting marginalized groups. For this report, NCRP worked with the Foundation Center to develop custom datasets using the Center’s grants sample database, which includes detailed information on all grants of $10,000 or more awarded to organizations circa 2011 by 1,121 of the largest U.S. foundations. To read the full report. go to: www.ncrp.org

June 2 - 8, 2013

Program-Related Investing Trends

Program-related investments (PRIs) are gaining attention from foundations for their potential to meet charitable purposes while generating financial returns, but their use remains limited, a new study by the Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy finds. The report, which was sponsored by Mission Throttle, analyzes key trends in foundations’ use of program-related investing between 2000 and 2010. Key findings include:


Housing, community development and education were the program areas that received both the highest total dollar amounts and the largest number of PRIs made by foundations between 2000 and 2010. Non-traditional program areas such as environment, health and arts and culture were also likely to receive PRI support during that period.


More than half of all PRIs were loans, but foundations have increased the use of equity investments and debt other than loans, such as loan guarantees or loan funds.


Measuring success is challenging. Foundations generally define success in two ways—programmatic or social success and financial or investment success—and some deem a PRI successful even if it did not produce a positive financial return on the investment so long as it produced the desired social outcome. Achieving success requires planning, new team structures, traditional financial investment skills and social metrics.

The full report, Leveraging the Power of Foundations: An Analysis of Program-Related Investments, and an executive summary are available on the Lilly Family School of Philanthropy website at www.philanthropy.iupui.edu

May 26 - June 1, 2013

Nonprofit Chief Development Officer Retention

The study CDO Confidential: What CDOs Want You to Know about Retention reveals that unrealistic expectations set by management have reduced the average Chief Development Officer (CDO) tenure to one to two years. Other factors include a lack of sufficient resources and cooperation among CDOs, CEOs and Boards. Campbell & Company, a national nonprofit consulting and executive search firm, recently completed a nationwide survey to understand the reasons behind this trend. CDO Confidential received responses from more than 400 Chief Development Officers and Chief Executive Officers to gain multiple perspectives. The sample included organizations with a wide range of missions, budgets, staff sizes and geographic areas. According to the report, shorter tenure in leading development roles not only leads to difficulty maintaining donor relationships, but also hinders the development and execution of long-term fundraising strategies. The implications of having short tenure are vast ranging from attracting and evaluating talent to onboarding to succession planning and require a wider, more in-depth dialogue with all parties involved. The report describes four main challenges:


Short tenure: Fifty-two percent (52%) of CDO served one to two years in their most recent position, confirming anecdotal evidence of shorter tenures.


Unrealistic expectations: CDOs (75%) and CEOs (62%) cited unrealistic expectations are the number one reason behind CDO turnover.


Reasons for departure: Twenty-eight percent (28%) of CDOs cited their organization’s lack of understanding of development as a reason for their most recent departure.


Inadequate resources: Fifty-eight percent (58%) of CDOs felt they did not have the resources to do their job effectively, and twenty-nine percent (29%) of CDOs indicated professional development as their primary need.

To download the report, go to: www.campbellcompany.com

May 19 - 25, 2013

Challenges Facing Nonprofit Fundraising

The study UnderDeveloped: A National Study of Challenges Facing Nonprofit Fundraising reveals that many nonprofits are stuck in a vicious cycle that threatens their ability to raise the resources they need to succeed. A joint project of CompassPoint and the Evelyn and Walter Haas, Jr. Fund, the report found high levels of turnover and lengthy vacancies in development director positions throughout the sector. More significantly, the study reveals deeper issues that contribute to instability in the development director role, including a lack of basic fundraising systems and inadequate attention to fund development among key board and staff leaders. The report is organized around three main challenges and concludes with a set of recommendations to jumpstart a national conversation about how we can all help nonprofits take their fund development to the next level. Key findings include:


Revolving Door - Organizations are struggling with high turnover and long vacancies in the development director position.


Help Wanted - Organizations aren’t finding enough qualified candidates for development director jobs. Executives also report performance problems and a lack of basic fundraising skills among key development staff.


It’s About More Than One Person - Beyond creating a development director position and hiring someone who is qualified for the job, organizations and their leaders need to build the capacity, the systems, and the culture to support fundraising success. The findings indicate that many nonprofits aren’t doing this.


Breaking The Cycle - UnderDeveloped offers urgent calls to action for the nonprofit sector, citing key steps that nonprofit executives, funders, and sector leaders should consider as they set out to address the challenges detailed in the report.

To download the full report, go to: www.compasspoint.org

May 12 - 18, 2013

Mobile Fundraising Trends

Artez Interactive is a provider of web, mobile and social fundraising solutions for non-profits and charities around the world. Artez conducted a study to answer the questions: What's the impact of mobile technology on peer-driven fundraising campaigns? The firm examined the success of over 80,000 participants in a variety of fundraising campaigns to help answer this question. Key findings include:

bullet 15% of traffic to fundraising and donation pages comes from mobile devices like smartphones and tablets.
bullet 23% of participants in peer-driven events and campaigns choose to use mobile technology to help them fundraise for good causes.
bullet Participants who use mobile technology to fundraise in a campaign raise up to 2.95x more than those who do not.
bullet The percentage of donations made on mobile web browsers has grown 205% in the last 12 months.

Event participants using iPhones raise just slightly more than participants on Android devices.

To download the research paper, go to: info.artez.com

May 5 - 11, 2013

National Value of Volunteer Time

Since 1980, Independent Sector has been tracking the value of volunteer time  and has announced the value of volunteer time in 2012. The estimated value of volunteer time for 2012 is $22.14 per hour. The estimate helps acknowledge the millions of individuals who dedicate their time, talents, and energy to making a difference. Charitable organizations can use this estimate to quantify the enormous value volunteers provide. According to the Corporation for National and Community Service, about 64.3 million Americans, or 26.8 percent of the adult population, gave 7.9 billion hours of volunteer service worth $171 billion in 2011. Go to: www.independentsector.org

April 28 - May 4, 2013

Most Major Gifts Are Made Locally

According to a new study from the Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy, the majority of gifts of $1 million or more (60 percent) come from donors who live in the same state or geographic region as the nonprofit or foundation that receives the gift, the report finds. About half of all publicly announced gifts of this size (47 percent of the total number of gifts and 52 percent of the total dollar amount) come from donors living in the same state. In particular, health nonprofits, arts, culture and humanities organizations, higher education institutions, foundations and government agencies received more than half of their million-dollar-plus gifts from donors in the same state. About two-thirds of gifts of $1 million or more to these types of organizations were given by donors in their geographic region. Foundations and higher education institutions were the top two recipients of million-dollar-plus gifts between 2000 and 2011, with each receiving about one-third of the total dollar value of gifts at this level. The remaining dollars were relatively evenly split among the other types of organizations; no single subsector (apart from higher education and foundations) received more than 10 percent of publicly announced million-dollar-plus gifts. To download the study, go to: philanthropy.iupui.edu

April 14 - 27, 2013

Volunteering In The United States 2012

In a supplement to the September 2012 Current Population Survey (CPS), the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics has reported that the US volunteer rate declined by 0.3 percentage point to 26.5 per cent for the year ending in September 2012. About 64.5 million people volunteered through or for an organization at least once between September 2011 and September 2012. The decline in the volunteer rate in 2012 followed an increase of one-half of a percentage point in 2011. Key findings include:


The volunteer rates for both men and women (23.2 and 29.5 percent, respectively) changed little in the year ending in September 2012. Women continued to volunteer at a higher rate than did men across all age groups, educational levels, and other major demographic characteristics.


By age, 35- to 44-year-olds were most likely to volunteer (31.6 percent). Volunteer rates were lowest among 20- to 24-year-olds (18.9 percent). For persons 45 years and over, the volunteer rate tapered off as age increased. Teens (16-to 19-year-olds) had a volunteer rate of 27.4 percent.


Among the major race and ethnicity groups, whites continued to volunteer at a higher rate (27.8 percent) than did blacks (21.1 percent), Asians (19.6 percent), and Hispanics (15.2 percent). Of these groups, the volunteer rate for whites fell 0.4 percentage point in 2012, driven by a decline in the volunteer rate of white women. Among blacks, the rate edged up 0.8  percentage point.

For more information, go to: www.bls.gov

April 7 - 13, 2013

International Grantmaking by U.S. Foundations

International Grantmaking Update: A Snapshot of U.S. Foundation Trends, prepared by the Foundation Center provides a brief update on key trends in international grantmaking by U.S. foundations. The study includes an analysis of patterns of giving in 2010 and changes in funding priorities between 2008 and 2010. Key findings include:


International grant dollars declined faster than overall funding between 2008 and 2010.


Among independent and community foundations, international funding declined faster than overall giving.


The Gates Foundation accounted for roughly two out of five international grant dollars in the sample.


Overseas funding accounted for a smaller share of international grant dollars and overseas giving primarily benefited global programs, Asia, and Africa.


Health captured the largest share of international support.

To download the report, go to: foundationcenter.org

March 31 - April 6, 2013

New Research about Women and Giving

Women Give 2012 is the third in a series of research reports by the Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University that offers deeper insights as to how gender differences affect philanthropy. Because of their sheer numbers and the societal changes that occurred as they grew up, Boomers have had a significant impact on society through their beliefs, attitudes, behaviors, and habits about buying, spending, culture, politics, and more at every stage of their lives. Their impact is expected to continue to be felt across all aspects of society as they age, including in philanthropy. According to the Women Give 2012 report, Boomer and older women are more likely to give to charity and give more than their male counterparts when other factors affecting giving are taken into consideration. The findings challenge perceptions about who is philanthropic, revealing that Boomer and older women are as or more philanthropic than their male counterparts. The results add to the growing body of knowledge about the importance of gender in philanthropy, give female donors context for their personal experiences with philanthropy, and prompt nonprofits to seek gender balance in their fundraising strategies. Even though women, in general, earn less than men, have less money in retirement, and outlive their spouses, this study demonstrates that Boomer and older women are more likely to give and give more to charity than men. To download a copy of the study report, go to: philanthropy.iupui.edu.

March 24 - 30, 2013

Teens and Technology 2013

Smartphone adoption among American teens has increased substantially and mobile access to the internet is pervasive. One in four teens are “cell-mostly” internet users, who say they mostly go online using their phone and not using some other device such as a desktop or laptop computer. These are among the new findings from a nationally representative Pew Research Center survey of 802 youth ages 12-17 and their parents that explored technology use. Key findings include:


78% of teens now have a cell phone, and almost half (47%) of them own smartphones. That translates into 37% of all teens who have smartphones, up from just 23% in 2011.


23% of teens have a tablet computer, a level comparable to the general adult population.


95% of teens use the internet.


93% of teens have a computer or have access to one at home. Seven in ten (71%) teens with home computer access say the laptop or desktop they use most often is one they share with other family members.

To download the full report, go to: www.pewinternet.org

March 17 - 23, 2013

Nonprofits A Major Source Of Employment Growth Globally

A new report from the Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies reveals that nonprofit organizations are major employers and major sources of employment growth in countries throughout the world. The report draws on new data generated by statistical offices in sixteen countries that have implemented a new United Nations Handbook on Nonprofit Institutions. Key findings to date as summarized in this report include:


In 6 of the 16 countries for which data are available, nonprofits employ 10 percent or more of the total workforce, making them one of the largest employers of any industry in these countries.


On average in these sixteen countries’ nonprofits employ more workers than either the transportation or construction industry.


The nonprofit sector accounts for an average of 4.5 percent of the GDP in the covered countries, roughly equivalent to GDP contribution of the construction industry in these countries.


Nonprofits, on average, receive far less of their revenue from philanthropy than is commonly thought. Rather, 43 percent of the revenue comes from fees for their services, 32 percent from government sources, and only 23 percent from philanthropic giving, and even this is likely an over-estimate given limitations of the data sources.


In the eight countries on which historical data are available, the growth rate of the nonprofit sector contribution to GDP exceeded the growth rate of GDP.

o download the report, go to: ccss.jhu.edu

March 10 - 16, 2013

Impact of Economy on Giving Trends in U.S. Religious Congregations

Congregations whose clergy are aware of giving trends in their congregation and those with younger attendees were more likely to see positive fundraising results between the first half of 2011 and the first half of 2012, according to a new report from the Lake Institute on Faith & Giving at the Indiana University School of Philanthropy. A new study examines the impact of the economic environment on a sample of U.S. congregations. This study was conducted by the Indiana University School of Philanthropy and Lake Institute on Faith & Giving at Indiana University School of Philanthropy, in partnership with the Alban Institute, the National Association of Church Business Administration (NACBA), Indianapolis Center for Congregations, and MAXIMUM Generosity. This study informs not only overall financial trends of surveyed congregations, but also how specific types of congregations talked about money and fared financially during the recession and its aftermath. Key findings include:


Nearly half of responding congregations reported budget increases for 2012 compared with 2011. Increases were likely to be allocated toward salaries, outreach programs, mission activities, and revenue-generating activities.


Two-thirds of congregations offer congregants some type of electronic giving. This allows for more consistent revenue than do traditional methods such as offerings during services. More than four in 10 respondents receive direct deposits from congregants; three in 10 receive checks or transfers from congregants’ online bank accounts. About 10 percent receive contributions through their website.


Nearly three-quarters of the congregations have an annual stewardship or pledge campaign (72 percent); slightly more than half (53 percent) have an endowment.


About one-third (36 percent) of responding congregations offer specific courses, workshops, classes or seminars on personal finance or charitable giving.

To download the report, go to: www.philanthropy.iupui.edu

March 3 - 9, 2013

Demographics of Social Media Users

A late 2012 survey by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project shows that young adults are more likely than others to use major social media. At the same time, other groups are interested in different sites and services. Internet users under 50 are particularly likely to use a social networking site of any kind, and those 18-29 are the most likely of any demographic cohort to do so (83%). Women are more likely than men to be on these sites. Those living in urban settings are also significantly more likely than rural internet users to use social networking. Key findings include:


Facebook remains the most-used social networking platform, as two-thirds of online adults say that they are Facebook users. Women are more likely than men to be Facebook users, and Facebook use is especially common among younger adults.


The percentage of internet users who are on Twitter has doubled since November 2010, currently standing at 16%. Those under 50, and especially those 18-29, are the most likely to use Twitter. Urban-dwellers are significantly more likely than both suburban and rural residents to be on Twitter.


Pinterest, the online pinboard, has attracted 15% of internet users to its virtual scrapbooking. Whites, young people, the well-educated, those with higher income, and women are particularly likely to use the site. Pinterest is equally popular among those 18-29 and 30-49 (19%). Women are about five times as likely to be on the site as men, the largest difference in gender of any site featured in this report.

To download the full report, go to: www.pewinternet.org

February 17 - March 2, 2013

Philanthropy and the Social Economy: Blueprint 2013

Philanthropy and the Social Economy: Blueprint 2013 is an annual industry forecast written by leading philanthropy scholar Lucy Bernholz about the social economy — private capital used for public good. The Foundation Center and the European Foundation Centre are pleased to partner with Ms. Bernholz to offer the Blueprint as a GrantCraft guide. The Blueprint provides an overview of the current landscape, points to major trends, and directs your attention to horizons where you can expect some important breakthroughs in the coming year. Key trends include:


Congress will change the rules on tax deductions. Congressional hearings on charitable tax deductions will occur in the first half of 2013. They will set lower limits for charitable deductions for the wealthiest donors.


The Affordable Care Act will reveal new opportunities for communities. States and counties will spend much of 2013 designing and implementing the new systems of health care delivery and insurance made possible by the Affordable Care Act. The year provides a good planning opportunity for all social service funders, organizations, and entrepreneurs to plan for the major shift in the social safety net that will become real in 2014.


Crowdfunding will go mainstream. People will use crowdfunding sites, like Kickstarter, Indiegogo, Crowdrise, and others more than ever, and they will be used for an ever-wider range of funding activities.


Civic crowdfunding will grow and may exacerbate inequality. Crowdfunding is not only expanding from independent and nonprofit projects to commercial businesses, there is also a rise in crowdfunding of civic projects, from parks and playgrounds to streetlights. Examples of these sites include Citizinvestor and Neighbor.ly, which allow neighbors to promote and choose civic projects to fund. While there is great excitement about these methods as a way for taxpayers to have choice and a say over the infrastructure in their city, there is concern about the potential of these sites to further divide our communities into “haves” and “have nots.”

To download the guide at no charge, go to: www.grantcraft.org

February 10 - 16, 2013

Most Facebook Users Have Taken a Break From the Site, Survey Finds

A new survey by the Pew Research Center‘s Internet and American Life Project, conducted in December, found that 61 percent of current Facebook users admitted that they had voluntarily taken breaks from the site, for as many as several weeks at a time. The main reasons for their social media sabbaticals were not having enough time to dedicate to pruning their profiles, an overall decrease in their interest in the site, and the general sentiment that Facebook was a major waste of time.  About 4 percent cited privacy and security concerns as contributing to their departure. Although those users eventually resumed their regular activity, another 20 percent of Facebook users admitted to deleting their accounts. Of course, even as some Facebook users pull back on their daily consumption of the service, the vast majority — 92 percent — of all social network users still maintain a profile on the site. But while more than half said that the site was just as important to them as it was a year ago, only 12 percent said the site’s significance increased over the last year — indicating the makings of a much larger social media burnout across the site. The survey teases out other interesting insights, including the finding that young users are spending less time overall on the site. The report found that 42 percent of Facebook users from the ages of 18 to 29 said that the average time they spent on the site in a typical day had decreased in the last year. A much smaller portion, 23 percent, of older Facebook users, those over 50, reported a drop in Facebook usage over the same period. Go to: www.pewinternet.org

February 3 - 9, 2013

2013 Nonprofit Communications Trends

The 2013 Nonprofit Communications Trends Report from Kivi Leroux Miller’s Nonprofit Marketing Guide surveyed 1435 nonprofits. Responses revealed trends based on questions like: In what shape is your marketing plan for 2013? Which social media channel are you most likely to add or experiment with in 2013? How often do you plan to email the typical person on your email list? How often do you plan to send direct mail? What excites you about your work in 2013?

Key findings include:


Only 1/3 of nonprofit marketers have written and approved plans for 2013.


Top goals for nonprofit marketers in 2013 include acquiring new donors, engaging community, general brand awareness


Nonprofit marketers with fundraising goals work differently than those with community or branding goals.


Social media is starting to edge out email in importance to nonprofit marketers In-person events and media relations growing in importance to nonprofits; print marketing falling

To download the free report, go to: www.nonprofitmarketingguide.com

January 27 - February 2, 2013

Nonprofit Organization Values

The Johns Hopkins Listening Post Project has conducted a first-ever survey to gauge the thinking within the nonprofit community around the sector’s values. The survey found a widespread consensus that seven values−being productive, effective, enriching, empowering, responsive, reliable, and caring−lie at the core of the nonprofit sector. However, the survey also found that many nonprofit leaders feel that the sector must do a better job of articulating and communicating these values among their stakeholders in the media, government, and general public. In addition to providing the results of this first-of-its-kind survey, this report also puts forth a proposed “renewal strategy” for the sector, to help nonprofits recommit to their core values and to provide a common language for communicating those core values to crucial stakeholders in light of the profound challenges facing the sector around the U.S. today. To download the report, go to: ccss.jhu.edu

January 20 - 26, 2013

Challenges Facing Nonprofit Fundraising

The newly released study UnderDeveloped: A National Study of Challenges Facing Nonprofit Fundraising reveals that many nonprofits are stuck in a vicious cycle that threatens their ability to raise the resources they need to succeed. A joint project of CompassPoint and the Evelyn and Walter Haas, Jr. Fund, the report found high levels of turnover and lengthy vacancies in development director positions throughout the sector. More significantly, the study reveals deeper issues that contribute to instability in the development director role, including a lack of basic fundraising systems and inadequate attention to fund development among key board and staff leaders. To download the report, go to: e2ma.net/go

January 13 - 19, 2013

Real Time Charitable Giving

Charitable donations from mobile phones have grown more common in recent years. Two thirds (64%) of American adults now use text messaging, and 9% have texted a charitable donation from their mobile phone. And these text donors are emerging as a new cohort of charitable givers. The first-ever, in-depth study on mobile donors—which analyzed the “Text to Haiti” campaign after the 2010 earthquake—finds that these contributions were often spur-of-the-moment decisions that spread virally through friend networks. Three quarters of these donors (73%) contributed using their phones on the same day they heard about the campaign, and a similar number (76%) say that they typically make text message donations without conducting much in-depth research beforehand. Yet while their initial contribution often involved little deliberation, 43% of these donors encouraged their friends or family members to give to the campaign as well. In addition, a majority of those surveyed (56%) have continued to give to more recent disaster relief efforts—such as the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan—using their mobile phones. These are among the findings of a new study produced by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project and Harvard’s Berkman Center for the Internet & Society, in partnership with the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation and the mGive Foundation. To access the study, go to: www.pewinternet.org

January 6 - 12, 2013

Arts Organizations and Digital Technologies

A survey of a wide-ranging mix of U.S.-based arts organizations shows that the internet, social media, and mobile connectivity now permeate their operations and have changed the way they stage performances, mount and showcase their exhibits, engage their audiences, sell tickets, and raise funds. These organizations are even finding that technology has changed the very definition of art: 77% of respondents agree with the statement that the internet has “played a major role in broadening the boundaries of what is considered art.” Some 1,244 arts organizations that have received funds from the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) in recent years took this survey. Key findings include:


81% of the organizations in this survey say the internet and digital technologies are “very important” for promoting the arts


78% say these technologies are “very important” for increasing audience engagement


50% “strongly agree” with the statement that the internet “has increased engagement in the arts by providing a public platform through which more people can share their work”


65% say digital technologies are “very important” for fundraising


A majority of these organizations also agree that the internet is “very important” in increasing organizational efficiency (63%), and for their engaging in arts advocacy (55%).

The survey was conducted by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project. To read or download the full report, go to: www.pewinternet.org

December 23, 2012 - January 5, 2013

African American Philanthropy Trends

Giving Black in Los Angeles: Donor Profiles and Opportunities for the Future is a study of African American philanthropy in Los Angeles. In 2011 the Liberty Hill Foundation commissioned a study of African American philanthropy in Los Angeles for the purpose of moving beyond the question of whether African Americans give in comparable numbers to other racial groups and toward how and why they give their support, particularly for community organizing and social justice. This study of identity-based giving is designed to deepen our understanding of different kinds of identity-based giving among Black donors. Our multi-method analysis revealed three donor profiles and four opportunities for building African American philanthropy. Among Black Angelenos, the “Building the Black Community” Donor, the “Issue Impact” Donor and the “Hardwired To Give” Donor were identified based on their reports of discretionary income allocations, preferred recipients of their giving, motivations for giving, levels of education and religious involvement. In addition to the specific donor profiles, four findings suggest ways in which African American philanthropy, particularly giving focused on social justice, might be grown. To access the full report, go to: www.libertyhill.org

To view 2012 Trends of the Week, click here.

To view 2011 Trends of the Week, click here.

To view 2010 Trends of the Week, click here.

To view 2009 Trends of the Week, click here.

To view 2008 Trends of the Week, click here.

To view 2007 Trends of the Week, click here.

To view 2006 Trends of the Week, click here.

To view 2005 Trends of the Week, click here.

To view 2004 Trends of the Week, click here.

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